• Become a PA


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    A PA is a nationally certified and state-licensed medical professional.

    PAs practice medicine on healthcare teams with physicians and other providers. 

    They practice and prescribe medication in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the majority of the U.S. territories and the uniformed services.


    • Step 1: Get prerequisites and healthcare experience
    • Step 2: Attend an accredited PA program
    • Step 3: Become certified
    • Step 4: Obtain a state license
    • Step 5: Maintain your certification

    Application to PA school is highly competitive.

    Look into PA programs you want to apply to as early as your freshman year in college.

    You’ll typically need to complete at least two years of college coursework in basic and behavioral sciences before applying to a PA program, which is very similar to premedical studies.

    The majority of PA programs have the following prerequisites:

    • Chemistry
    • Physiology
    • Anatomy
    • Microbiology
    • Biology


    Many PA programs also require prior healthcare experience with hands-on patient care.

    You can get healthcare experience by being a (not an exhaustive list):

    • Medical assistant
    • Emergency medical technician (EMT)
    • Paramedic
    • Medic or medical corpsman
    • Peace Corps volunteer
    • Lab assistant/phlebotomist
    • Registered nurse
    • Emergency room technician
    • Surgical tech
    • Certified nursing assistant (CNA)


    Most students have a bachelor’s degree and about three years of healthcare experience before entering a program.

    Learn more about getting into a PA program:  

    Full list of PA programs with requirements (healthcare experience hours, standardized exams, prerequisite coursework, GPA, etc.)

    5 Tips for Getting Into PA School by Kimberly Mackey, MPAS, PA-C

    Most programs are approximately 26 months (3 academic years) and award master’s degrees. They include classroom instruction and clinical rotations.

    As a PA student, you’ll receive classroom instruction in:

    • Anatomy
    • Physiology
    • Biochemistry
    • Pharmacology
    • Physical diagnosis
    • Pathophysiology
    • Microbiology
    • Clinical laboratory science
    • Behavioral science
    • Medical ethics


    You’ll also complete more than 2,000 hours of clinical rotations, with an emphasis on primary care in ambulatory clinics, physician offices and acute or long-term care facilities.

    Your rotations could include:

    • Family medicine
    • Internal medicine
    • Obstetrics and gynecology
    • Pediatrics
    • General surgery
    • Emergency medicine
    • Psychiatry


    Learn more about accredited PA programs:

    Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA)
    Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA)

    Once you’ve graduated from an accredited PA program, you’re eligible to take the Physician Assistant National Certifying Exam (PANCE) administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA).

    If you pass the PANCE and maintain your certification, may use the title Physician Assistant-Certified or PA-C.

    PANCE resources  

    AAPA 2013 Salary Report  

    National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA) 

    Before you can practice, you need to get licensed in your state.

    All states require that PAs graduate from an accredited PA program and pass the PANCE.

    To maintain national certification, you need to complete 100 hours of continuing medical education (CME) credits every two years and take a recertification exam (the Physician Assistant National Recertifying Exam, or PANRE) every 10 years. New requirements for CME went into effect in 2014.